Questions tagged as ['dsa']

The Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA) is a United States Federal Government standard or FIPS for digital signatures. It was proposed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in August 1991 for use in their Digital Signature Standard (DSS), specified in FIPS 186, adopted in 1993. A minor revision was issued in 1996 as FIPS 186-1. The standard was expanded further in 2000 as FIPS 186-2 and again in 2009 as FIPS 186-3.
Score: 2
Derick Swodnick avatar
Short Nonces in ECDSA signature generation
in flag

Recently I noticed that my device generates short-sized Nonces.

Approximately $2 ^ {243} - 2^{244}$.

Could it turn out that there will be a small leak of information about the first 3 bits of Nonces?

Accordingly, if Nonces is short, then it must contain null at the beginning. That is, the first 3 bits of Nonces contain null at the beginning.

Hence, for the sake of safety:

When creating an ECDSA signatur ...

Score: 0
Cryptography (DSA) Get Value of k and private Key
ng flag

i am on a task in cryptography and need a hint (PLEASE NO SOLUTION).

The Task is:

I can send Messages (Digital Numbers) to a Docker Container. The response are the values p,q,g,z1,s,r and hashvalue(m+z1). So... when i enter the number 1 i get the DSA values used for signing.

Unknown is the value of k, z2 and x (the private key)

Known is that p,q,g,z1,z2 are fixed for every message. So they are the same ev ...

Score: 1
Signing same message 2 times with ECDSA
ng flag

Can multiple signatures of the same message with the same private key (different nonces) lead to a private key trace?

Score: 0
Raccoondude avatar
Is it possible (and if so how) to make one proof for multiple private keys in ECDSA
ru flag

Lets say I have a message that needs to be signed by two keys that were generated using ECDSA

Is it possible to make a signature that accounts for both keys, meaning I can verify with both and see they are valid?

An example, if we need a cryptocurrency example:

Address 1 has 10 coins Address 2 has 10 coins

Both inputs are in the transaction, and now need to be signed. Is it possible to make it so only one ...

Score: 0
Can I know from a Bitcoin public key if the private key is odd or even?
ph flag

Can I know just from a Bitcoin public key if the private key is odd or even?

[moderator note] That is, can we find parity of the private key from a secp256k1 public key?
For the original dump of digits, see here.

Score: 0
Alberto Giardino avatar
Why does ECDSA produce a pair of values in its' signature (r,s)?
ru flag

I was wondering why ecdsa generates a signature in form of a pair (r and s) and why it can't be only one value.

Score: 2
Zim avatar
kleptography SETUP attack in ecdsa
de flag

I'm trying to implement kleptography SETUP attack of ecdsa with python. Just a simply script to verify the algorithm. However i can't get the right output as the paper said. Where is the problem? Can anyone help?

The algorithm

from ecpy.curves import Curve, Point
import hashlib
import gmpy

cv = Curve.get_curve('secp256k1')
G = Point(0x79BE667EF9DCBBAC55A06295CE870B07029BFCDB2DCE28D959F2815B16F81798,
          0x48 ...
Score: 0
Can the same public key be used for ECDH and ECDSA
us flag

I want to generate a public key that I can use to sign messages and receive messages (using ECDH for exemple).

I want to do so to have the smallest payload to share.

Is it possible and proved secure ?

Score: 1
Is RSA the only current practical option for asymmetric encipherment of symmetric keys at rest?
ru flag

As of 2021, is RSA the only practical (i.e. safe, production-ready) option for asymmetric encipherment of symmetric keys at rest? ECDSA is obviously preferable over RSA in the case of signing, but (unless I'm woefully misinformed) it doesn't support key encipherment. If RSA is the only practical option at present, are there any notable efforts toward future alternatives that I should be aware of?

Score: 1
TomCN0803 avatar
Find the product of two sums via SMPC
sa flag

I'm currently working on a distributed threshold DSA scheme that requires to find the product of two sums via secure multi-party computation. Specifically speaking, every one of $n$ parties $P_i$ possesses a DSA key pair $(sk_i, pk_i)$, where $sk_i=d_i \in \mathbb{Z}_q$ and $pk_i = g^{d_i}$. I want to collectively generate a signature $S_{\Sigma} = k_{\Sigma}^{-1}(m+r_{\Sigma}d_{\Sigma})$, where$k_ ...

Score: 0
JDop avatar
Chinese remainder theorem in ECDSA for parameters in secp256k1?
jp flag

It is known that it is possible to apply the Chinese remainder theorem and attack RSA under precise conditions.

But the question is, can the Chinese remainder theorem in ECDSA be applied to the parameters in secp256k1?

Score: 1
Is the verification process in ECDSA the same or different from in RSA?
nl flag

With an RSA key pair, from my understanding, Alice who holds the private key is able to encrypt a message into a signature. She would then send the signature together with her original message to Bob. Bob would then be able to use Alice's public key to decrypt the signature which would then return the message. The decrypted message would then be compared with the original message. If they are the same,  ...

Score: 1
xrbToTheMoon avatar
Confusion over recovery of privatekey in DSA signature when duplicate value of r occurs
th flag

In DSA signature where signing is done via

$$s = k^{-1}(H(m) + xr) \mod{q} $$

I understand why if two messages singed by the same private key $x$ use the same $k$ value you can recover the private key

But I've read various comments and answers that say if two messages signed by the same private key have the same $r$ value that is all that is needed to recover the private key, and I don't understand ...

Score: 3
Why check for point-at-infinity during ECDSA verification?
kr flag

The ECDSA standard mandates that during verification we check that an intermediate calculation does not lead to the point-at-infinity (see Step 5. in this summary on Wikipedia ). But why do we check for this? That is, how do you as an attacker actually trigger this event without knowledge of the private key?

In the above I assume that all the other checks of ECDSA are in place ($r,s \in [1,n-1]$, pu ...

Score: 1
Sentinel ("trick") values for lattice attack on DSA with biased k (MSB)
in flag

I'm studying lattice attack using this sage script. There are 2 options in script: LSB and MSB. The most interesting option for me is MSB. It recovers private key with less then 100 signatures provided with script. When I run it with my PQG generated by openssl and my own signatures with zeroed 8-bit MSB I was able to recover private key with 800 signatures in one case and unable to recover even wi ...

Score: 2
Question about coefficient of ECDSA in lattice attack
in flag

Update: I made my lattice attack worked finally. As the actual reason is quite complicated I decide to write an answer below to describe how it worked so anyone with similar question might get inspiration from my work. The Question is not modified.

I was studying lattice attack recently. I tried to use data from TPM-FAIL to help me understand this attack and try to implement an attack using "textbook meth ...

Score: 1
Steven Wu avatar
Security proof about RFC 6979
se flag

In the paper: "The Random Oracle Model: a Twenty-Year Retrospective", section 7.3 by Koblitz & Menezes,the authors tried to prove the security of ECDSA+.

But after looking at the entire proof, I didn’t find that they considered the probability that both forgers would choose the same $M$ and $R'$ for the $j$-th time.

In my cognition, after considering the probability of simultaneously selectin ...

Score: 0
Steven Wu avatar
Why does RFC 6979 need so many loops?
se flag

I recently started reading RFC 6979. I'm curious why it needs so many loops.

This post asks a similar question: "RFC 6979 - Why not simply hash the message & the private key for deterministic ECDSA?", but my doubts are still unanswered.

Why can't the $k$ used in ECDSA be just like $k = SHA256(sk + HASH(m))$ ?

Is it just because HMAC_DRBG has a better security proof ?

Score: 1
Why does deterministic ECDSA (per RFC 6979) include the private key in the generation of k?
au flag

It's clear that using the private ECDSA key $x$ as an additional input into the hash algorithm, as specified in RFC 6979, doesn't harm security (assuming HMAC_DRBG is a PRF).

But is it necessary?

Would there be any problem with allowing the signature algorithm to have the same output of $k$ for the same message regardless of the key used? Per Is it safe to reuse a ECDSA nonce for two signatures if the ...

Score: 2
Randomization of ECDSA signing operations to prevent SCA
us flag

A large number of SCA papers that talk about ECDSA mention the need for blinding/randomisation of the signing process, typically with a single-sentence comment about replacing the projective coordinates (X,Y,Z) with randomised ones (lambda^2X,lambda^3Y,lambda*Z) and declaring the problem solved, but nothing really seems to provide any detail of what specific steps are required. In particular looking at  ...

Score: 1
Gennaro & Goldfeder Key Generation Protocol
cn flag

As I am going through the “Fast Multiparty Threshold ECDSA with Fast Trustless Setup” paper by Gennaro & Goldfeder, 2018, I am stumbled by the key generation protocol (Sect. 4.1, p.10):

Clip of the key generation protocol from Gennaro & Geldfeder, 2018

In Phase 1, they create a (commitment, decommitment) pair using a commitment scheme. Earlier in the paper, they mention that “in practice one can use any secure hash function H and define the commitment to x ...

Score: 1
factor2 avatar
Verify that x, y coordinates given as hex string are valid points on an Elliptic Curve
cn flag

Given the following information:

"curve": "P-256",

"qx": "729C51D177EBE2079A0FB7B0B3C2145159CF81EC61960E642A1744719AA9F913",

"qy": "8C36BCF51475016E614F8C7E0CB1B37C7EA65B4ECCF809852C9B2D0E438710BD"

The above coordinates are supposedly valid as per the test vector expected results:

"testPassed": true

I need to determine if the above public key coordinates are valid points on the curve or not. I have t ...

Score: 4
CCS avatar
Can the security of ECDSA be compromised by the chosen parameters?
de flag

The recommended parameters for a secp256k1 ECDSA curve are:

(All values are in hexadecimal)

a = 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
    00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
b = 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
    00000000 00000000 00000000 00000007
G = 02
    79BE667E F9DCBBAC 55A06295 CE870B07
    029BFCDB 2DCE28D9 5 ...
Score: 1
Coin tosses in the context of commitment schemes
cn flag

I was reading the “Fast Multiparty Threshold ECDSA with Fast Trustless Setup” paper by Gennaro & Goldfeder, 2018 and I encountered this portion (Sect. 2.4, p.6):

Portion of the paper that talks about Com protocol

This excerpt leaves me slightly confused. First, there’s seemingly a mismatch (a typo?) between r and R — or is it that R is the set from which r is sampled? Second, most important, what are these coin tosses? There’s no men ...